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Harbor Gate

The construction of the gate, originally referred to as the Brandenburg Gate and then as the Berlin Gate (Berliner Tor), commenced in 1724, pursuant to the ordinance of September 1724, issued by the Prussian king Frederic William I. The gate was built outside the New Gate of 1660, between the Passau Bastion and the Royal Bastion. The gate, along with the modern-times retrenchments, was designed by Lieutenant-Colonel Gerhard Cornelius van Wallrawe, with Hans Jürgen Reinecke from Magdeburg acting as the construction manager. The brick kilns were operated by masters from Liege. The plated sandstone was imported from Pirna (Saxony). The western exterior elevations were made in 1725 by sculptor Bartholomé Damart, while the interior ones in 1740 by Meyer. The stonework was created by master Kiefesauer. The gate effectively guarded the city until 1873, which was when a decision was made to liquidate the fortress. The demolition was stopped by a Pomerania expert Hugo Lemcke and in 1875 it became an architectural monument. In 1902-1903 a fountain designed by Reinhold Felderhoff, displaying Amphitrite, Poseidon’s wife, was constructed to the east. The naked figure of Amphitrite offended the straitlaced Szczecin, as a result of which the fountain was disassembled in 1932.
To secure the gate against Allied bombing, the gate tops were disassembled and hidden in the Arkonian Forest. They were re-assembled after 1957.
The western façade shows an oval medallion with a monogram of the Prussian King Frederic William I, with winged phemes playing the trumpet, displayed sideways. The Latin inscription sounds as follows: "The Duchy of Szczecin, which was transferred to the Brandenburg electors, then given back to the Pomeranian dukes, and then by a fortunate coincidence passed to the Swedish, was repurchased under a valid agreement and at an adequate price, acquired and retaken for himself in 1719 by Frederick William I, the King of Prussia, who also ordered to build the Brandenburg Gate”. In the upper part, on the left, you can see Viadrus, the God of the Oder River, in a half-lying position. The relief displays Szczecin as viewed from the Oder, showing, e.g., the castle, the St Mary’s Church, and the summer seat of the dukes in the Grabowo District (Oderburg). Above there is an oval shield with a multi-field coat of arms of the Prussian land, a panoply and the marks of triumph. The oval cartouche, on the interior side of the top, shows an eagle flying towards the human-faced sun.
The eastern elevation comprises a cartouche with a monogram of King Frederic William I. It shows a sitting eagle, holding a sword and a sceptre in its claws. At the top of the entire structure there is the emblem of the Prussian Kingdom held by the so-called wild men. The outer side displays a shield with the Prussian eagle.

 

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