Adam Mickiewicz Monument
The monument to the Polish Romantic poet, crafted by the Szczecin sculptor Sławomir Lewiński, was unveiled on 3 May 1960 to celebrate the 1000th anniversary of the Polish State. The statue of Adam Mickiewicz was placed on the pedestal, which from 1913 until June 1942 had served as the base for the bronze equestrian monument depicting the Prussian Emperor Frederick III who reigned from 9 March until 15 June 1888. The previous statue was created by Ludwig Manzel.
The statue of Adam Mickiewicz has for years been Szczecin residents’ favourite spot for meetings. In March 1968 the place saw a memorable student demonstration against the social and political system of the time, which started under the pretext of staging Mickiewicz’s “Dziady” (“Forefathers”) in Warsaw.
Adam Mickiewicz is considered the most prominent Polish poet, not just of Romanticism. Aside from the epoch-making masterpiece that was “Pan Tadeusz”, he created such works as “Ballads and Romances”, “Dziady”, “Grażyna”, “Konrad Wallenrod”, “The Crimean Sonnets”, and many others. One of his earliest works was the 1821 piece called “Cztery toasty pewnego chemika na cześć istot promienistych” (“Four Toasts Raised by a Certain Chemist in Honour of the Radiant Creatures”) or “Wiwat elektryczność!” (“Viva electricity!”). Mickiewicz’s poetry captivated the outstanding composer from Szczecin Carl Loewe (1796-1869), considered to be the originator of the solo Romantic ballad. Here in Szczecin, he composed music to the ballads of our national poet translated into German by Carl von Blankensee, i.e. “Czaty” (Der Woywode/The Voivode), “Panicz i dziewczyna” (Der junge Herr und das Maedchen/A Young Man and a Girl), “Pani Twardowska” (Frau Twardowska/Mrs Twardowska), “Pierwiosnek” (Die Schlesselblueme/The Primrose), “Świtezianka” (Das Swiesmaedchen/The Nymph of Świteź), “Trzech Budrysów” (Die drei Budrisse/The Three Lithuanians) and “Wilija, naszych strumieni rodzica” (Wilija und das Maedchen/Wilija and a Girl). The work entitled “Polskie ballady” (Die Polnische Balladen/Polish Ballads) was published in Germany in 1837.